Disposal End-of-Life Phase
Conservation of landfill space products that decompose to release landfill space or products that can be recycled, reused or remanufactured to avoid being landfilled.
Encouraging local composting/local biodegradation of waste products that can be locally decomposed by the owner, so saving on the transport energy of waste collection and landfill space.
Product take-back a system under which manufacturers agree to take back a product when it has reached the end of its useful life so that components and/or materials can be reused or recycled (see also producer responsibility). This can fundamentally change the essence of the design and engage the designer in examining design for assembly (DfA), disassembly (DfD) and remanufacture.
Recycling products that are designed to be easily recyclable by being made of single materials or by being easily disassembled into materials or components which can be recycled.
Remanufacture products that are easily disassembled for refurbishment to remanufacture new products.
Reuse products that are easily reused for the same or a new purpose or are easily disassembled for the components and/or materials to be reused.
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