Distribution/Transportation Phase
Flat-pack products products that can be stored flat to maximize use of transport/storage space.
Lightweight products products that have been designed to be lightweight, yet retain full functionality, and as a result require less energy to transport.
Reduced energy use during transportation/reduction in transport energy this can be achieved by careful design of products to maximize packing per unit area and minimize weight per product.
Reusable packaging packaging that can provide protection on more than one trip.
Self-assembly designs that are assembled by the consumer, therefore saving valuable space in transport and storage.