The design strategies were adapted from ecoDesign The Sourcebook by Alastair Fuad-Luke and published by Chronicle Books.

They are grouped according to one of five lifecycle phases:

- preproduction, including materials selection;
- manufacturing/making/fabrication;
- distribution/transportation;
- functionality and use; and
- disposal/end-of-life.

Other strategies that do not easily fit into this product lifecycle are described under the heading Miscellaneous. Extended descriptions of each design strategy are given where appropriate.